Group Classification

 All types of matter are classified into 10 groups according to their mode and function.
1. Nipphanna and Anipphanna
Concretely Produced also known as in pali as Nipphanna is a matter that is produced by cause. They number 18:
  • the bhūta 4,
  • the pasāda 5,
  • the gocara 4,
  • the bhāva 2,
  • the hadaya 1,
  • the jīvita 1 and the
  • āhāra 1

The other matters are Non-concretely Produced known ins pali as anipphanna. They are 10 in number:

2. Ajjhattika and Bāhira

Internal “Ajjhattika” is a matter that is useful to and the main part of the body. They are composed of the 5 pasāda matters. The other matters, 23 in number, are external “bāhira”, meaning external.

3. Vatthu and Avatthu

Vatthu” is matter that is a seat of mind. Vatthu matters are sixfold. The pasāda 5 and the hadaya 1 together make 6. The other matters, 22 in number, are do not provide a seat of mindavatthu”.

4. Dvāra and Advāra

Dvāra means door. The matters of dvāra are the door of the mind. They are 7, namely the pāsada 5 and the viññatti 2. The other matters, 21 in number, are not doorsadvāra”.

5. Indriya and Anindriya

The matters that manage the function concerned are called “indriya”. They are 8, comprising the 5 pasāda, the 2 bhāva and the jīvita (1). The other matters, 20 in number, are “anindriya”.

6. Oḷārika and Sukhuma

The matters that are gross by serving as a seat of mind and mental object are called “oḷārika”. They are 12: the pasāda 5 and the gocara 7. The other matters, 16 in number are sukhuma, meaning subtle, by not doing so.

7. Santike and Dure

The matters that are near as being easily perceived are called “santike”. They are 12, similar to the 12 constituting oḷārika. The other matters, 16 in number, are “dure”, for not being so (and are the same like sukhuma).

8. Sappaṭigha and Appaṭigha

The matters that are with impingement being as the base and the object of mind are called “sappaṭigha”. They are 12, similar to the 12 constituting oḷārika. The other matters, 16 in number, are “appaṭigha”, for not being so (and are the same like sukhuma).

9. Upādinna and Anupādinna

The matters that are the result of kamma accompanied by craving and wrong view are called “upādinna”. They are 18, being composed of the pasāda 5, the bhāva 2, the hadaya 1, the jīvita 1, the avinibbhoga 8 and ākāsa 1. The other matters which are not accompanied by craving, 10 in number, constitute “anupādinna”.

10. Sanidassana and Anidassana

The matter that is seen with eye is “sanidassana”. It is only the visible object matter. The other maters, 27 in number, are invisible to the eye, so called “anidassana”.

11. Gocaraggāhika and Agocaraggāhika

The matters that receive an object are called “gocaraggāhika”. They are 5, being composed of the 5 pasāda matters. Note: Of these pasāda matters, eye and ear matters receive an object each that does not touch them. Therefore they are qualified as “asampatta”. The other 3 receive an object each that touches them, therefore, they are “sampatta”. The other matters are unreceivable, 23 in number, are called “agocaraggāhika”.

12. Avinibbhoga and Vinibbhoga The matters that are inseparable are “avinibbhoga”. They are 8 in inanimate things. The 4 mahābhūtas, colour, odour, taste and nutritive essence make up the 8. (In animate things they are 9 including jīvita.) The other matters, 20 in number, are separable so called in pali as Vinibbhoga.

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